Morocco begins to exploit its renewable energy resources in order to reduce its reliance on imported fossil fuels.
Morocco is a country without any fossil fuel reserves and as a result is almost entirely dependent on imports of fossil fuels to fulfil their energy requirements. This is not however a situation that the country is prepared to continue accepting as part of its future.
In 2015 King Mohammed VI committed to a number of very significant renewable energy projects, all of which are intended to dramatically increase their renewable energy production and therefore reduce their reliance on imported fossil fuels. King Mohammed VI is committed to ensuring that by 2030 Morocco will be producing 52% of its energy requirements via solar, wind power and hydraulic dam projects.
It has been suggested that in the future there may even be an opportunity for an exchange of this renewably sourced electricity with parts of Europe.
The first stage of one of these projects known as The Noor Solar complex, one of the biggest solar plants in the world, opened in February 2016. It is in Morocco’s southern desert and utilizes some of the newest and most advanced solar technologies available. Noor two is already under construction and on completion will be joined by Noor three. All three plants are expected to be capable of producing 350MW of electricity.
In recent weeks, it has also been announced that construction will begin on Noor four, which on completion could add another 800MW of electricity to the national grid.
Solar is not however their only prospective source of renewable energy, there are also projects planned that will be capable of exploiting both wind and water in order to generate significant quantities of electricity.
Five new wind farms are due to be built in five different locations across Morocco, it has been announced that the combined output of the five farms will be 850MW and that the electricity produced will be some of the cheapest in the world at only $0.03 per kWh.
Approximately 200 potential sites have been identified where micro hydraulic electrical power plants may be built. Whilst their power capacity will be comparatively low, each one producing somewhere between 15kW and 100kW, they are seen as an excellent way of supplying mountainous areas with a reliable, green, decentralized source of electricity.
Pictures : cnn.com and windpowermonthly.com